Background of The Taj Mahal

Agra, located in the State of Uttar Pradesh is well known for TajMahal. This magnificent monument was built by Emperor Shahjahan in 17th century A.D in memory of his wife, Mumtaj Mahal. Agra is home to some other world heritage sites viz. Agra Fort and FatehpurSikri. The Akbar's tomb at Sikandara and the Itmad-ud-daulla's tomb are also important tourist attractions. Increasing urbanisation, industrialisation in the Agra-Mathura region has produce air pollution that is threatening TajMahal and other historical monuments.

Taj Trapezium Zone(TTZ)

Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) is a defined area of 10,400 sq km around the Taj Mahal to protect the monument from pollution. The Supreme Court of India delivered a ruling on December 30, 1996 regarding industries covered under the TTZ, in response to a PIL seeking to protect the Taj Mahal from environmental pollution. It banned the use of coal/ coke in industries located in the TTZ with a mandate for switching over from coal/ coke to natural gas, and relocating them outside the TTZ or shutting down. The TTZ comprises over 40 protected monuments including three World Heritage Sites — the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. TTZ is so named since it is located around the Taj Mahal and is shaped like a trapezoid. In 1973, Government of India decided to setup a petroleum refinery at Mathura. This raised concern regarding environmental safety of the Taj Mahal. Read More

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Special Plantation

TTZ Special Plantation - 2015


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