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Taj Trapezium Zone(TTZ)

In 1973, Government of India decided to setup a petroleum refinery at Mathura. This raised concern regarding environmental safety of the Taj Mahal. Though an expert committee under the chairmanship of Dr S. Vardarajan concluded that there was no danger to the Taj from the proposed refinery, controversy continued as work on the refinery started.

In 1984 Mr M.C Mehta filed a writ petition before the Supreme Court (W.P 13381/1994 M.C Mehta Vs Union of India and others). The petition prayed that suitable measures be taken including shifting of the Mathura refinery to conserve the Taj from the threat of air pollution.

In 1994 the Supreme Court directed Ministry of Environment and Forests to take up implementation of greenbelt development plan as suggested by NEERI around Taj Mahal. The UP Forest department ,Agra developed greenbelt on available area within 500 meter radius of Taj Mahal. Greenbelt plantations were periodically inspected by a team of Central Pollution Control Board in compliance of the orders of Supreme Court of India. In December 1996 the Hon'ble Court in its judgement dated noted with satisfaction that "Greenbelt around Taj Mahal has become a reality"

1n 1998 Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India notified an area of 10400 square kilometer as Taj Trapezium Zone(TTZ). The CPCB dileneated the Taj Trapezium Zone on the basis of the weighted mean wind speed in twelve directions from Agra to Mathura and Bharatpur. The boundaries of the zone were made keeping in mind the possible effect of pollution sources in this zone on the critical receptor- the TajMahal.

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